Raptors also called Birds of Prey are those who hunt primarily vertebrates. They have sharp eyesight for detecting prey or food at a long distance during flight. Their claws are designed to grasp or kill prey. In absence of any hunt they even eat carcass. Vultures mainly eat carrion/carcass as their main food source which is also considered as big contributor in maintaining ecosystem.
Buzzard: Also commonly called as ( बाज़ ) are have fan shaped tail and major distinction between Kite and Hawks which has forked tail. Honey Buzzards are almost of same size as Kites, where as Black Baza has crest.
Kite: They are most common of the raptors and also can be seen in cities hovering around garbage dumps.
Hawks (Accipiters): They have broad, short wings and comparatively long legs and tail. Sparrowhawks are smaller in size and Northern Goshawk are similar with Kites. The are mainly found in or around forested areas and nests with sticks in tall trees.
Eagles are large, powerful and have wide wingspan among all raptors. Even the smaller eagles like Hawk Eagle and Small Serpent Eagle have beak and wings longer than other accipiters. Most eagles are larger than any other raptors except most vultures. Their broad and heavy beak is extremely powerful to tear the flesh of their prey.
Eagles nests are called eyries and are made on high cliffs.
Golden Eagle ( गरुड़ ) are lasgest among all raptors and are found in high Himalayan range.
whereas, Vultures are scavenging raptors and their population in India is downfall and few have even gone extinct. (in my childhood we use to see Vultures very often clearing dead animals carcass but are hardly found now)
Lammergeier also called bearded Vulture are found in high Himalayan ranges and are famous for an intelligent habit of dropping bones from height on rocks and feeding on bone marrow.
OWLS, my favourite, though they are not true raptors, but are here in this section because have some similar feature.
Owls mostly hunt mammals, small birds, frogs etc. and also have some species as fish hunters. They are global Bird of Prey except very dry desert like or freezing cold lands.
Owls have a hawk type beak, ears on front of face which is designed to catch sonic sound waves which they release while hunting. Most birds of prey have eyes on the sides of their heads, whereas the stereoscopic nature of the owl’s forward-facing eyes gives them a greater sense and depth of vision also due to tube shaped eye for low-light hunting. Since their eyes cannot move like most creatures, still they have 270 degree vision as they can rotate their neck.
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