Pigeon ( कबूतर): Pigeon occur worldwide and that too in huge numbers. Rock Pigeon also called Common Pigeon is the most common species in India and they have also evolved themselves in sharing space in city life. Smaller forms are usually called doves, larger forms pigeons.
The other common variety is Yellow footed Green Pigeon which is resident and found across India across forests, city parks, shrubs etc. Hill and Snow Pigeon can be seen in upper Himalayan range.
They are possibly the oldest ones domesticated by humans for various purposes, acting as messenger was most familiar one.
Due to domestication of Pigeons they show a variety of plumages and size, such species of pigeons are called “Feral Pigeons” (See gallery for image)
Dove ( फाक्ता ): A smaller variety from Pigeon family called Dove. The names pigeon and dove are often used interchangeably. Doves have a little longer tail .
Oriental Turtle Dove has got some migratory behavior and a common sight in Himalayas where they are resident. Other species like Eurasian Collared , Red Collared, Spotted and laughing Doves are very common sight all across India.
They along with Pigeons holds the symbol of “PEACE” as some may suggest “Dove of Peace”.
Parakeet ( तोता ): Parakeet, also commonly called as parrot, but as nomenclature goes, they differ in size. Parrots are smaller in size and have small tails.
They mainly feed on seeds and found world wide and are abundant India especially Rose ringed and Alexandrine and also have very slight difference in appearance.
They have a very unique voice and are also known for learning and pronouncing words.
List of Pigeons, Dove, Pigeon and Parrots of India